Roman Forum and Coliseum
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Changing of Guards
We started off today at the National Monument To Victor Emmanuel II, aka the Wedding Cake building. It literally looks like a giant wedding cake! The building is named after Victor Emmanuel, who wanted to unify Italy, and succeeded. In the front is the tomb of the Unknown Soldier, which holds the remains of a solider from WWI. Two guards stand watch over the tomb 24/7, but rotate shifts every hour. We were lucky enough to see the changing of the guards while there. The eternal flame burning in front of the unknown solider is a symbol for all fallen soliders in past and present wars.
A few feet away is the town square. Here is a piazza of government buildings, called Capitoline Hill. This piazza was designed by Michelangelo himself, although he never got to see the completed projected. The Piazza has 3 flags, The Italian flag, the Rome Capitol flag, and the European Union Flag. Behind the piazza is the start of the Roman Forum!
The Roman Forum was built in the 7th century BC, and was once a busy town. Today it holds the remains of one of the last Republican Basilica’s. It was during the middle ages that the Forum was abandoned, and left untouched until its rediscovery in the 18t century. Many ruins were reused in other structures around Italy, which explains the very little bit of buildings that still remain.
Once through the Forum, the unmistakable Coliseum comes into view! The Coliseum was even bigger than I expected! There are multiple entrances that were once assigned to different cities. Inside the Coliseum once held gladiator fights, naval battle reenactments and other forms of entertainment.
After the Coliseum, a bunch of us went to the Spanish steps where we ate lunch and shopped for a bit!
Fun Fact: We also learned the history of the Margherita Pizza! It was created in 1889 to honor the Queen of Italy. The tomatoes represent the red on the flag, the cheese represents the white, and the basil represents the green!